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Other publications

Leopard habitat use, population density, and interactions in Tanzania's Ruaha-Rungwa landscape


Charlotte Searle, Paolo Strampeli and additional co-authors


Global Leopard Conference 2023

The New Lion Economy - Unlocking the value of lions and their landscapes

The lion has become symbolic of the rapid economic growth experienced by some African countries. Labelled the ‘lion economies’ by policy makers and the press, commentators have had fun with wordplay related to ‘lions’, ‘prides’ and ‘roars’. But despite the iconic place that the lion holds in African society, and the conscious linking of economic development with the power of lions, there has been little notice taken of the risks that this development agenda brings for the lion itself. As conservationists we need to plan, govern and incentivise our actions effectively.


The focus of this report is on the last of these actions, providing effective incentives for lion conservation and an overview of the cumulative, often overlooked, benefits associated with the landscapes that lions inhabit across Africa. Relentless pressure for land use change is challenging traditional models of protection and conservation. But the more we remove or degrade natural ecosystems, the more we are likely to lose in terms of both ecosystem services and the associated economic and social benefits that they bring. 


This report provides evidence that lions are a perfect flagship or umbrella species on which to focus policy and development decisions. Investing in lion conservation confers a range of benefits which are outlined in the following pages.

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Guideline for the Conservation of Lions in Africa

IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group, Muri/Bern, Switzerland, Version 1.0 2018, 147 pages

A collection of concepts, best practice experiences and recommendations, compiled by the IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group on behalf of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS).

The designation of geographical entities in this document, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN or the organisations of the authors and editors of the document concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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